The Indian National Brain Disease Observatory has released the first comprehensive list of brain diseases, neural defects and degenerative disorders affecting millions of people across the country, highlighting a major global trend of the decline in the country’s health, quality of life and economic growth.
In the country that is currently suffering the worst pandemic in its history, the Observatory’s findings highlight the need to re-evaluate what is ailing the health of the population, especially in the case of neurological disease.
The report, released on Monday, highlights the importance of using the latest scientific advances to understand the causes of neurological diseases.
The Observatory’s list, compiled by scientists and researchers from different fields including psychiatry, neurology, cardiology and radiology, has identified a large number of brain disorders, including epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, depression, Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia, as well as degenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s.
The National Brain Diseases Observatory (NBDO) is a joint initiative between the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), National Institute for Mental Health (NIMH), the Centre for Biomedical Sciences, the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurosciences (IPN) and the National Centre for Scientific Research (NCSR).
The list of diseases and conditions shows that while the country is facing a growing burden of brain and mental disorders, it is not getting the necessary treatment or attention, the report said.
“The country is not taking proper measures to protect the citizens from the many brain diseases.
It is a situation that is very alarming,” said Dr Rajesh Kumar, the director of the NBDO.
According to data collected by the Observatory, nearly 14.5 million Indians are affected by neurological disease or neurodegenative disorder, which means that more than 90 per cent of the countrys population is affected.
The study found that over 2 million people are suffering from neurodegender disorders.
It also identified about 1.5 lakh cases of Parkinson’s Disease, more than 1.2 lakh cases in Alzheimer’s Disease and 1.4 lakh cases with multiple sclerosis.
“While the number of cases is alarming, it also shows that there are some people with brain disorders who are not receiving the right attention.
The country needs to take immediate action to ensure that these cases are curbed,” said Kumar.
In terms of the economic impact, the study said that about 7.3 crore people have a neurodegening disorder, more in the area of cognitive impairment, which is a loss of ability to function in daily life.
“The economic impact is significant because it means the loss of income of a large section of the people,” said S Sivakumar, a neuroscientist at the NBDo.
However, the country has a long way to go in terms of addressing the problem of neurological disorders, according to Kumar.
The first report, on November 11, 2016, said that almost 5 million people in the world suffer from brain disorders.
However it said the number is now expected to rise to 8.5 crore people by 2030, and is expected to reach 10 crore by 2040.
“We are still a long ways from achieving the ambitious goal of reducing the prevalence of these diseases to 5 per cent.
But we are on track to do so,” said Rajesh Prakash, Director, NBDO (National Brain Disease).
Dr Rajesh Singh, a neurologist at NINDS said that while neurological disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, it has a role in the overall health of an individual.
“It can be addressed by a range of different interventions including diet, exercise, mental health counseling and cognitive rehabilitation,” he said.
While the overall numbers are still growing, it was evident that there was a decline in cases, he added.
“It has been a very difficult time for the country.
We have been seeing a lot of deterioration in our health, but also in our life.
We are going through a great transition.
We need to make sure that the population is protected from the diseases,” said Singh.